I.R.C. § 6053(a) Reports By Employees
Every employee who, in the course of his employment by an employer, receives in
any calendar month tips which are wages
(as defined in section 3121(a) or
or which are compensation (as defined in section 3231(e)) shall report all such tips in one or more written statements furnished to his
employer on or before the 10th day following such month. Such statements shall be
furnished by the employee under such regulations, at such other times before such
10th day, and in such form and manner, as may be prescribed by the Secretary.
I.R.C. § 6053(b) Statements Furnished By Employers
If the tax imposed by section 3101 or section 3201 (as the case may be) with
respect to tips reported by an employee pursuant to subsection (a)
exceeds the tax which can be collected by the employer pursuant to section 3102 or
section 3202 (as the case may be), the employer shall furnish to the employee a written statement
showing the amount of such excess. The statement required to be furnished pursuant
to this subsection shall be furnished at such time, shall contain such other information,
and shall be in such form as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe. When required
by such regulations, a duplicate of any such statement shall be filed with the Secretary.
I.R.C. § 6053(c) Reporting Requirements Relating To Certain Large Food Or Beverage Establishments
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(1) Report To Secretary
In the case of a large food or beverage establishment, each employer shall report
to the Secretary, at such time and manner as the Secretary may prescribe by regulation,
the following information with respect to each calendar year:
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(1)(A)
The gross receipts of such establishment from the provision of food and beverages
(other than nonallocable receipts).
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(1)(E)
With respect to each employee, the amount allocated to such employee under paragraph(3).
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(2) Furnishing Of Statement To Employees
Each employer described in paragraph (1) shall furnish, in such manner as the Secretary
may prescribe by regulations, to each employee of the large food or beverage establishment
a written statement for each calendar year showing the following information:
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(2)(C)
The amount allocated to the employee under paragraph (3)
for all payroll periods ending within the calendar year.
Any statement under this paragraph shall be furnished to the employee during January
of the calendar year following the calendar year for which such statement is made.
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(3) Employee Allocation Of 8 Percent Of Gross Receipts
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(3)(A) In General
For purposes of paragraphs (1)(E) and (2)(C), the employer of a large food or beverage
establishment shall allocate (as tips for purposes of the requirements of this subsection)
among employees performing services during any payroll period who customarily receive
tip income an amount equal to the excess of—
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(3)(A)(i)
8 percent of the gross receipts
(other than nonallocable receipts) of such establishment for the payroll period,
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(3)(A)(ii)
the aggregate amount reported by such employees to the employer under subsection
(a) for such period.
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(3)(B) Method Of Allocation
The employer shall allocate the amount under subparagraph
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(3)(B)(ii)
in the absence of an agreement under clause (i), in the manner determined under regulations
prescribed by the Secretary.
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(3)(C) The Secretary May Lower The Percentage Required To Be Allocated
Upon the petition of the employer or the majority of employees of such employer,
the Secretary may reduce (but not below 2 percent) the percentage of gross receipts
required to be allocated under subparagraph (A) where he determines that the percentage
of gross receipts constituting tips is less than 8 percent.
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(4) Large Food Or Beverage Establishment
For purposes of this subsection, the term “large food or beverage establishment”
means any trade or business
(or portion thereof)—
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(4)(B)
with respect to which the tipping of employees serving food or beverages by customers
is customary, and
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(4)(C)
which normally employed more than 10 employees on a typical business day during the
preceding calendar year.
For purposes of subparagraph (C), rules similar to the
rules of subsections (a) and (b) of section 52 shall apply under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, and an individual who
owns 50 percent or more in value of the stock of the corporation operating the establishment
shall not be treated as an employee.
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(5) Employer Not To Be Liable For Wrong Allocations
The employer shall not be liable to any person if any amount is improperly allocated
under paragraph (3)(B) if such allocation is done in accordance with the regulations
prescribed under paragraph (3)(B).
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(6) Nonallocable Receipts Defined
For purposes of this subsection, the term “nonallocable receipts” means receipts
which are allocable to—
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(7) Application To New Businesses
The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the application of this subsection
to new businesses.
I.R.C. § 6053(c)(8) Certified Professional Employer Organizations
For purposes of any report required by this subsection, in the case of a certified
professional employer organization that is treated under section 3511 as the employer of a work site employee, the customer with respect to whom a work
site employee performs services shall be the employer for purposes of reporting under
this section and the certified professional employer organization shall furnish to
the customer and the Secretary any information the Secretary prescribes as necessary
to complete such reporting no later than such time as the Secretary shall prescribe.
(Added by Pub. L. 89-97, title III, 313(e)(2)(A), July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 384, and amended by Pub. L. 89-212, 2(d), Sept. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 859; Pub. L. 94-455, title XIX, 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 97-248, title III, 314(a), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 603; Pub. L. 98-369, div. A, title X, 1072(a), (c)(1), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1052; Pub. L. 113-295, Div. B, title II, Sec. 206(c)(3), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4010.)
2014--Subsec. (c)(8). Pub. L. 113-295, Div. B, Sec. 206(c)(3), added par. (8).
1984--Subsec. (c)(3)(C). Pub. L. 98-369, 1072(a), substituted “Upon the petition of the employer or the majority of employees
of such employer, the Secretary” for “The Secretary” and “2 percent” for “5 percent”.
Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 98-369, 1072(c)(1), inserted provision that an individual who owns 50 percent or more in
value of the stock of the corporation operating the establishment shall not be treated
as an employee.
1982--Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-248 added subsec. (c).
1976--Pub. L. 94-455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary” wherever appearing.
1965--Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-212, 2(d)(1), inserted “or which are compensation (as defined in section 3231(e)”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89-212, 2(d)(2), inserted “or section 3201
(as the case may be)” and “o section 3202 (as the case may be)”.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2014 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 113-295, Div. B, Sec. 206(c)(3), effective for wages for services performed on or after January
1 of the first calendar year beginning more than 12 months after the date of the enactment
of this Act [Enacted: Dec. 19, 2014].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT
Section 1072(c)(2) of Pub. L. 98-369 provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section]
shall apply to calendar years beginning after December 31, 1982.”
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1982 AMENDMENT
Section 314(e) of Pub. L. 97-248, as amended by Pub. L. 99-514, 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“(1) In general.--The amendments made by this section [amending sections 6001, 6053,
and 6678 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as a note under this section]
shall apply to calendar years beginning after December 31, 1982.
“(2) Special rule for 1983.--For purposes of section 6053(c) of the Internal Revenue
Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954], in the case of payroll periods ending before
April 1, 1983, an employer must only report with respect to such periods--
“(A) amounts described in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) of section 6053(c)(1)
of such Code, and
“(B) the name, and identification number, wages paid to, and tips reported by, each
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1965 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 89-212 effective only with respect to tips received after 1965, see section 6 of Pub. L. 89-212, set out as a note under section 3201 of this title.
Section 313(f) of Pub. L. 89-97 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending
sections 451, 3102, 3121, 3401, 3402, 6051, 6652, and 6674 of this title and section
409 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare] shall apply only with respect to tips
received by employees after 1965.”
MODIFICATION OF TIPS ALLOCATION METHOD
Pub. L. 99-514, title XV, 1571, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2765, provided that: “Effective for any
payroll period beginning after December 31, 1986, an establishment may utilize the
optional method of tips allocation described in the last sentence of section 31.6053-3(f)(1)(iv)
of the Internal Revenue Regulations only if such establishment employs less than the
equivalent of 25 full-time employees during such payroll period.”
RECORDKEEPING BY TIPPED EMPLOYEES
Section 1072(b) of Pub. L. 98-369 provided that: “The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe by regulations within
1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 18, 1984] the applicable
recordkeeping requirements for tipped employees.”
Section 314(c) of Pub. L. 97-248 provided that: “The Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate shall submit before
January 1, 1987, to the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives
and to the Committee on Finance of the Senate a report with respect to tip compliance
in the food and beverage service industry. Such study shall include, but not be limited
to, an analysis of tipping patterns, tip-sharing arrangements, and tip compliance
[6056. Repealed. Pub. L. 96-603, 1(c), Dec. 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 3504]
Section, added Pub. L. 91-172, title I, 101(d)(3), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 521, and amended Pub. L. 94-455, title XIX, 1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834, required an annual report
by private foundations having at least $5,000 of assets at any time during a taxable
year, prescribed the contents of the report and the form to be used, and provided
special rules concerning information to be filed with the report and availability
of the report.
Repeal applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1980, see section 1(f)
of Pub. L. 96-603, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under section 6033 of this title.