Bloomberg Bloomberg
Comprehensive Tax Research. Practitioner to Practitioner. ®

Internal Revenue Code, § 4980B. Failure To Satisfy Continuation Coverage Requirements Of Group Health Plans

I.R.C. § 4980B(a) General Rule
There is hereby imposed a tax on the failure of a group health plan to meet the requirements of subsection (f) with respect to any qualified beneficiary.
I.R.C. § 4980B(b) Amount Of Tax
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(1) In General
The amount of the tax imposed by subsection (a) on any failure with respect to a qualified beneficiary shall be $100 for each day in the noncompliance period with respect to such failure.
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(2) Noncompliance Period
For purposes of this section, the term “noncompliance period” means, with respect to any failure, the period—
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(2)(A)
beginning on the date such failure first occurs, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(2)(B)
ending on the earlier of—
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(2)(B)(i)
the date such failure is corrected, or
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(2)(B)(ii)
the date which is 6 months after the last day in the period applicable to the qualified beneficiary under subsection (f)(2)(B) (determined without regard to clause (iii) thereof).
If a person is liable for tax under subsection (e)(1)(B) by reason of subsection (e)(2)(B) with respect to any failure, the noncompliance period for such person with respect to such failure shall not begin before the 45th day after the written request described in subsection (e)(2)(B) is provided to such person.
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(3) Minimum Tax For Noncompliance Period Where Failure Discovered After Notice Of Examination
Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (c)—
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(3)(A) In General
In the case of 1 or more failures with respect to a qualified beneficiary—
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(3)(A)(i)
which are not corrected before the date a notice of examination of income tax liability is sent to the employer, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(3)(A)(ii)
which occurred or continued during the period under examination, the amount of tax imposed by subsection (a) by reason of such failures with respect to such beneficiary shall not be less than the lesser of $2,500 or the amount of tax which would be imposed by subsection (a) without regard to such paragraphs.
I.R.C. § 4980B(b)(3)(B) Higher Minimum Tax Where Violations Are More Than De Minimis
To the extent violations by the employer (or the plan in the case of a multiemployer plan) for any year are more than de minimis, subparagraph (A) shall be applied by substituting “$15,000" for “$2,500” with respect to the employer (or such plan).
I.R.C. § 4980B(c) Limitations On Amount Of Tax
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(1) Tax Not To Apply Where Failure Not Discovered Exercising Reasonable Diligence
No tax shall be imposed by subsection (a) on any failure during any period for which it is established to the satisfaction of the Secretary that none of the persons referred to in subsection (e) knew, or exercising reasonable diligence would have known, that such failure existed.
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(2) Tax Not To Apply To Failures Corrected Within 30 Days
No tax shall be imposed by subsection (a) on any failure if—
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(2)(A)
such failure was due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(2)(B)
such failure is corrected during the 30-day period beginning on the 1st date any of the persons referred to in subsection (e) knew, or exercising reasonable diligence would have known, that such failure existed.
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(3) $100 Limit On Amount Of Tax For Failures On Any Day With Respect To A Qualified Beneficiary
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(3)(A) In General
Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the maximum amount of tax imposed by subsection (a) on failures on any day during the noncompliance period with respect to a qualified beneficiary shall be $100.
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(3)(B) Special Rule Where More Than 1 Qualified Beneficiary
If there is more than 1 qualified beneficiary with respect to the same qualifying event, the maximum amount of tax imposed by subsection (a) on all failures on any day during the noncompliance period with respect to such qualified beneficiaries shall be $200.
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4) Overall Limitation For Unintentional Failures
In the case of failures which are due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect—
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(A) Single Employer Plans
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(A)(i) In General
In the case of failures with respect to plans other than multiemployer plans, the tax imposed by subsection (a) for failures during the taxable year of the employer shall not exceed the amount equal to the lesser of—
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(A)(i)(I)
10 percent of the aggregate amount paid or incurred by the employer (or predecessor employer) during the preceding taxable year for group health plans, or
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(A)(ii) Taxable Years In The Case Of Certain Controlled Groups
For purposes of this subparagraph, if not all persons who are treated as a single employer for purposes of this section have the same taxable year, the taxable years taken into account shall be determined under principles similar to the principles of section 1561.
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(B) Multiemployer Plans
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(B)(i) In General
In the case of failures with respect to a multiemployer plan, the tax imposed by subsection (a) for failures during the taxable year of the trust forming part of such plan shall not exceed the amount equal to the lesser of—
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(B)(i)(I)
10 percent of the amount paid or incurred by such trust during such taxable year to provide medical care (as defined in section 213(d)) directly or through insurance, reimbursement, or otherwise, or
For purposes of the preceding sentence, all plans of which the same trust forms a part shall be treated as 1 plan.
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(B)(ii) Special Rule For Employers Required To Pay Tax
If an employer is assessed a tax imposed by subsection (a) by reason of a failure with respect to a multiemployer plan, the limit shall be determined under subparagraph (A) (and not under this subparagraph) and as if such plan were not a multiemployer plan.
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(4)(C) Special Rule For Persons Providing Benefits
In the case of a person described in subsection (e)(1)(B) (and not subsection (e)(1)(A)), the aggregate amount of tax imposed by subsection (a) for failures during a taxable year with respect to all plans shall not exceed $2,000,000.
I.R.C. § 4980B(c)(5) Waiver By Secretary
In the case of a failure which is due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect, the Secretary may waive part or all of the tax imposed by subsection (a) to the extent that the payment of such tax would be excessive relative to the failure involved.
I.R.C. § 4980B(d) Tax Not To Apply To Certain Plans
This section shall not apply to—
I.R.C. § 4980B(d)(1)
any failure of a group health plan to meet the requirements of subsection (f) with respect to any qualified beneficiary if the qualifying event with respect to such beneficiary occurred during the calendar year immediately following a calendar year during which all employers maintaining such plan normally employed fewer than 20 employees on a typical business day,
I.R.C. § 4980B(d)(2)
any governmental plan (within the meaning of section 414(d)), or
I.R.C. § 4980B(d)(3)
any church plan (within the meaning of section 414(e)).
I.R.C. § 4980B(e) Liability For Tax
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(1) In General
Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the following shall be liable for the tax imposed by subsection (a) on a failure:
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(1)(A)
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(1)(A)(i)
In the case of a plan other than a multiemployer plan, the employer.
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(1)(A)(ii)
In the case of a multiemployer plan, the plan.
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(1)(B)
Each person who is responsible (other than in a capacity as an employee) for administering or providing benefits under the plan and whose act or failure to act caused (in whole or in part) the failure.
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(2) Special Rules For Persons Described In Paragraph (1)(B)
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(2)(A) No Liability Unless Written Agreement
Except in the case of liability resulting from the application of subparagraph (B) of this paragraph, a person described in subparagraph (B) (and not in subparagraph (A)) of paragraph (1) shall be liable for the tax imposed by subsection (a) on any failure only if such person assumed (under a legally enforceable written agreement) responsibility for the performance of the act to which the failure relates.
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(2)(B) Failure To Cover Qualified Beneficiaries Where Current Employees Are Covered
A person shall be treated as described in paragraph (1)(B) with respect to a qualified beneficiary if—
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(2)(B)(i)
such person provides coverage under a group health plan for any similarly situated beneficiary under the plan with respect to whom a qualifying event has not occurred, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(2)(B)(ii)
the—
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(2)(B)(ii)(I)
employer or plan administrator, or
I.R.C. § 4980B(e)(2)(B)(ii)(II)
in the case of a qualifying event described in subparagraph (C) or (E) of subsection (f)(3) where the person described in clause (i) is the plan administrator, the qualified beneficiary,
submits to such person a written request that such person make available to such qualified beneficiary the same coverage which such person provides to the beneficiary referred to in clause (i).
I.R.C. § 4980B(f) Continuation Coverage Requirements Of Group Health Plans
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(1) In General
A group health plan meets the requirements of this subsection only if the coverage of the costs of pediatric vaccines (as defined under section 1928(h)(6) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396s(h)(6))) is not reduced below the coverage provided by the plan as of May 1, 1993, and only if each qualified beneficiary who would lose coverage under the plan as a result of a qualifying event is entitled to elect, within the election period, continuation coverage under the plan.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2) Continuation Coverage
For purposes of paragraph (1), the term “continuation coverage” means coverage under the plan which meets the following requirements:
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(A) Type Of Benefit Coverage
The coverage must consist of coverage which, as of the time the coverage is being provided, is identical to the coverage provided under the plan to similarly situated beneficiaries under the plan with respect to whom a qualifying event has not occurred. If coverage under the plan is modified for any group of similarly situated beneficiaries, the coverage shall also be modified in the same manner for all individuals who are qualified beneficiaries under the plan pursuant to this subsection in connection with such group.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B) Period Of Coverage
The coverage must extend for at least the period beginning on the date of the qualifying event and ending not earlier than the earliest of the following:
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i) Maximum Required Period
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i)(I) General Rule For Terminations And Reduced Hours
In the case of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B), except as provided in subclause (II), the date which is 18 months after the date of the qualifying event.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i)(II) Special Rule For Multiple Qualifying Events
If a qualifying event (other than a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(F)) occurs during the 18 months after the date of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B), the date which is 36 months after the date of the qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B).
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i)(III) Special Rule For Certain Bankruptcy Proceedings
In the case of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(F) (relating to bankruptcy proceedings), the date of the death of the covered employee or qualified beneficiary (described in subsection (g)(1)(D)(iii)), or in the case of the surviving spouse or dependent children of the covered employee, 36 months after the date of the death of the covered employee.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i)(IV) General Rule For Other Qualifying Events
In the case of a qualifying event not described in paragraph (3)(B) or (3)(F), the date which is 36 months after the date of the qualifying event.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i)(V) Special Rule For PBGC Recipients
In the case of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B) with respect to a covered employee who (as of such qualifying event) has a nonforfeitable right to a benefit any portion of which is to be paid by the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation under title IV of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, notwithstanding subclause (I) or (II), the date of the death of the covered employee, or in the case of the surviving spouse or dependent children of the covered employee, 24 months after the date of the death of the covered employee. The preceding sentence shall not require any period of coverage to extend beyond January 1, 2014.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i)(VI) Special Rule For TAA-Eligible Individuals
In the case of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B) with respect to a covered employee who is (as of the date that the period of coverage would, but for this subclause or subclause (VII), otherwise terminate under subclause (I) or (II)) a TAA-eligible individual (as defined in paragraph (5)(C)(iv)(II)), the period of coverage shall not terminate by reason of subclause (I) or (II), as the case may be, before the later of the date specified in such subclause or the date on which such individual ceases to be such a TAA-eligible individual. The preceding sentence shall not require any period of coverage to extend beyond January 1, 2014.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i)(VII) Medicare Entitlement Followed By Qualifying Event
In the case of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B) that occurs less than 18 months after the date the covered employee became entitled to benefits under title XVIII of the Social Security Act, the period of coverage for qualified beneficiaries other than the covered employee shall not terminate under this clause before the close of the 36-month period beginning on the date the covered employee became so entitled.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(i)(VIII) Special Rule For Disability
In the case of a qualified beneficiary who is determined, under title II or XVI of the Social Security Act, to have been disabled at any time during the first 60 days of continuation coverage under this section, any reference in subclause (I) or (II) to 18 months is deemed a reference to 29 months (with respect to all qualified beneficiaries), but only if the qualified beneficiary has provided notice of such determination under paragraph (6)(C) before the end of such 18 months.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(ii) End Of Plan
The date on which the employer ceases to provide any group health plan to any employee.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(iii) Failure To Pay Premium
The date on which coverage ceases under the plan by reason of a failure to make timely payment of any premium required under the plan with respect to the qualified beneficiary. The payment of any premium (other than any payment referred to in the last sentence of subparagraph (C)) shall be considered to be timely if made within 30 days after the date due or within such longer period as applies to or under the plan.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(iv) Group Health Plan Coverage Or Medicare Entitlement
The date on which the qualified beneficiary first becomes, after the date of the election—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(iv)(I)
covered under any other group health plan (as an employee or otherwise) which does not contain any exclusion or limitation with respect to any preexisting condition of such beneficiary (other than such an exclusion or limitation which does not apply to (or is satisfied by) such beneficiary by reason of chapter 100 of this title, part 7 of subtitle B of title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, or title XXVIi of the Public Health Service Act), or
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(iv)(II)
in the case of a qualified beneficiary other than a qualified beneficiary described in subsection (g)(1)(D) entitled to benefits under title XVIII of the Social Security Act.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(B)(v) Termination Of Extended Coverage For Disability
In the case of a qualified beneficiary who is disabled at any time during the first 60 days of continuation coverage under this section, the month that begins more than 30 days after the date of the final determination under title II or XVI of the Social Security Act that the qualified beneficiary is no longer disabled.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(C) Premium Requirements
The plan may require payment of a premium for any period of continuation coverage, except that such premium—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(C)(i)
shall not exceed 102 percent of the applicable premium for such period, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(C)(ii)
may, at the election of the payor, be made in monthly installments.
In no event may the plan require the payment of any premium before the day which is 45 days after the day on which the qualified beneficiary made the initial election for continuation coverage. In the case of an individual described in the last sentence of subparagraph (B)(i), any reference in clause (i) of this subparagraph to “102 percent” is deemed a reference to “150 percent” for any month after the 18th month of continuation coverage described in subclause (I) or (II) of subparagraph (B)(i).
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(D) No Requirement Of Insurability
The coverage may not be conditioned upon, or discriminate on the basis of lack of, evidence of insurability.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(2)(E) Conversion Option
In the case of a qualified beneficiary whose period of continuation coverage expires under subparagraph (B)(i), the plan must, during the 180-day period ending on such expiration date, provide to the qualified beneficiary the option of enrollment under a conversion health plan otherwise generally available under the plan.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(3) Qualifying Event
For purposes of this subsection, the term “qualifying event” means, with respect to any covered employee, any of the following events which, but for the continuation coverage required under this subsection, would result in the loss of coverage of a qualified beneficiary—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(3)(A)
The death of the covered employee.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(3)(B)
The termination (other than by reason of such employee's gross misconduct), or reduction of hours, of the covered employee's employment.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(3)(C)
The divorce or legal separation of the covered employee from the employee's spouse.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(3)(D)
The covered employee becoming entitled to benefits under title XVIII of the Social Security Act.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(3)(E)
A dependent child ceasing to be a dependent child under the generally applicable requirements of the plan.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(3)(F)
A proceeding in a case under title 11, United States Code, commencing on or after July 1, 1986, with respect to the employer from whose employment the covered employee retired at any time.
In the case of an event described in subparagraph (F), a loss of coverage includes a substantial elimination of coverage with respect to a qualified beneficiary described in subsection (g)(1)(D) within one year before or after the date of commencement of the proceeding.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4) Applicable Premium
For purposes of this subsection—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(A) In General
The term “applicable premium” means, with respect to any period of continuation coverage of qualified beneficiaries, the cost to the plan for such period of the coverage for similarly situated beneficiaries with respect to whom a qualifying event has not occurred (without regard to whether such cost is paid by the employer or employee).
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(B) Special Rule For Self-Insured Plans
To the extent that a plan is a self-insured plan—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(B)(i) In General
Except as provided in clause (ii), the applicable premium for any period of continuation coverage of qualified beneficiaries shall be equal to a reasonable estimate of the cost of providing coverage for such period for similarly situated beneficiaries which—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(B)(i)(I)
is determined on an actuarial basis, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(B)(i)(II)
takes into account such factors as the Secretary may prescribe in regulations.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(B)(ii) Determination On Basis Of Past Cost
If a plan administrator elects to have this clause apply, the applicable premium for any period of continuation coverage of qualified beneficiaries shall be equal to—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(B)(ii)(I)
the cost to the plan for similarly situated beneficiaries for the same period occurring during the preceding determination period under subparagraph (C), adjusted by
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(B)(ii)(II)
the percentage increase or decrease in the implicit price deflator of the gross national product (calculated by the Department of Commerce and published in the Survey of Current Business) for the 12-month period ending on the last day of the sixth month of such preceding determination period.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(B)(iii) Clause (ii) Not To Apply Where Significant Change
A plan administrator may not elect to have clause (ii) apply in any case in which there is any significant difference between the determination period and the preceding determination period, in coverage under, or in employees covered by, the plan. The determination under the preceding sentence for any determination period shall be made at the same time as the determination under subparagraph (C).
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(4)(C) Determination Period
The determination of any applicable premium shall be made for a period of 12 months and shall be made before the beginning of such period.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5) Election
For purposes of this subsection—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(A) Election Period
The term “election period” means the period which—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(A)(i)
begins not later than the date on which coverage terminates under the plan by reason of a qualifying event,
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(A)(ii)
is of at least 60 days' duration, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(A)(iii)
ends not earlier than 60 days after the later of—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(A)(iii)(I)
the date described in clause (i), or
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(A)(iii)(II)
in the case of any qualified beneficiary who receives notice under paragraph (6)(D), the date of such notice.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(B) Effect Of Election On Other Beneficiaries
Except as otherwise specified in an election, any election of continuation coverage by a qualified beneficiary described in subparagraph (A)(i) or (B) of subsection (g)(1) shall be deemed to include an election of continuation coverage on behalf of any other qualified beneficiary who would lose coverage under the plan by reason of the qualifying event. If there is a choice among types of coverage under the plan, each qualified beneficiary is entitled to make a separate selection among such types of coverage.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C) Temporary Extension Of Cobra Election Period For Certain Individuals
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(i) In General
In the case of a nonelecting TAA-eligible individual and notwithstanding subparagraph (A), such individual may elect continuation coverage under this subsection during the 60-day period that begins on the first day of the month in which the individual becomes a TAA-eligible individual, but only if such election is made not later than 6 months after the date of the TAA-related loss of coverage.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(ii) Commencement Of Coverage; No Reach-Back
Any continuation coverage elected by a TAA-eligible individual under clause (i) shall commence at the beginning of the 60-day election period described in such paragraph and shall not include any period prior to such 60-day election period.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(iii) Preexisting Conditions
With respect to an individual who elects continuation coverage pursuant to clause (i), the period—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(iii)(I)
beginning on the date of the TAA-related loss of coverage, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(iii)(II)
ending on the first day of the 60-day election period described in clause (i),
shall be disregarded for purposes of determining the 63-day periods referred to in section 9801(c)(2), section 701(c)(2) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and section 2704(c)(2) of the Public Health Service Act.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(iv) Definitions
For purposes of this subsection:
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(iv)(I) Nonelecting TAA-Eligible Individual
The term “nonelecting TAA-eligible individual” means a TAA-eligible individual who has a TAA-related loss of coverage and did not elect continuation coverage under this subsection during the TAA-related election period.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(iv)(II) TAA-Eligible Individual
The term “TAA-eligible individual” means an eligible TAA recipient (as defined in paragraph (2) of section 35(c)) and an eligible alternative TAA recipient (as defined in paragraph (3) of such section).
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(iv)(III) TAA-Related Election Period
The term “TAA-related election period” means, with respect to a TAA-related loss of coverage, the 60-day election period under this subsection which is a direct consequence of such loss.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(5)(C)(iv)(IV) TAA-Related Loss Of Coverage
The term “TAA-related loss of coverage” means, with respect to an individual whose separation from employment gives rise to being an TAA-eligible individual, the loss of health benefits coverage associated with such separation.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(6) Notice Requirement
In accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(6)(A)
The group health plan shall provide, at the time of commencement of coverage under the plan, written notice to each covered employee and spouse of the employee (if any) of the rights provided under this subsection.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(6)(B)
The employer of an employee under a plan must notify the plan administrator of a qualifying event described in subparagraph (A), (B), (D), or (F) of paragraph (3) with respect to such employee within 30 days (or, in the case of a group health plan which is a multiemployer plan, such longer period of time as may be provided in the terms of the plan) of the date of the qualifying event.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(6)(C)
Each covered employee or qualified beneficiary is responsible for notifying the plan administrator of the occurrence of any qualifying event described in subparagraph (C) or (E) of paragraph (3) within 60 days after the date of the qualifying event and each qualified beneficiary who is determined, under title II or XVI of the Social Security Act, to have been disabled at any time during the first 60 days of continuation coverage under this section is responsible for notifying the plan administrator of such determination within 60 days after the date of the determination and for notifying the plan administrator within 30 days of the date of any final determination under such title or titles that the qualified beneficiary is no longer disabled.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(6)(D)
The plan administrator shall notify—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(6)(D)(i)
in the case of a qualifying event described in subparagraph (A), (B), (D), or (F) of paragraph (3), any qualified beneficiary with respect to such event, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(6)(D)(ii)
in the case of a qualifying event described in subparagraph (C) or (E) of paragraph (3) where the covered employee notifies the plan administrator under subparagraph (C), any qualified beneficiary with respect to such event,
of such beneficiary's rights under this subsection.
The requirements of subparagraph (B) shall be considered satisfied in the case of a multiemployer plan in connection with a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B) if the plan provides that the determination of the occurrence of such qualifying event will be made by the plan administrator. For purposes of subparagraph (D), any notification shall be made within 14 days (or, in the case of a group health plan which is a multiemployer plan, such longer period of time as may be provided in the terms of the plan) of the date on which the plan administrator is notified under subparagraph (B) or (C), whichever is applicable, and any such notification to an individual who is a qualified beneficiary as the spouse of the covered employee shall be treated as notification to all other qualified beneficiaries residing with such spouse at the time such notification is made.
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(7) Covered Employee
For purposes of this subsection, the term “covered employee” means an individual who is (or was) provided coverage under a group health plan by virtue of the performance of services by the individual for 1 or more persons maintaining the plan (including as an employee defined in section 401(c)(1)).
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(8)
Optional Extension of Required Periods. A group health plan shall not be treated as failing to meet the requirements of this subsection solely because the plan provides both—
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(8)(A)
that the period of extended coverage referred to in paragraph (2)(B) commences with the date of the loss of coverage, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(f)(8)(B)
that the applicable notice period provided under paragraph (6)(B) commences with the date of the loss of coverage.
I.R.C. § 4980B(g) Definitions
For purposes of this section—
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1) Qualified Beneficiary
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(A) In General
The term “qualified beneficiary” means, with respect to a covered employee under a group health plan, any other individual who, on the day before the qualifying event for that employee, is a beneficiary under the plan—
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(A)(i)
as the spouse of the covered employee, or
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(A)(ii)
as the dependent child of the employee.
Such term shall also include a child who is born to or placed for adoption with the covered employee during the period of continuation coverage under this section.
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(B) Special Rule For Terminations And Reduced Employment
In the case of a qualifying event described in subsection (f)(3)(B), the term “qualified beneficiary” includes the covered employee.
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(C) Exception For Nonresident Aliens
Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), the term “qualified beneficiary” does not include an individual whose status as a covered employee is attributable to a period in which such individual was a nonresident alien who received no earned income (within the meaning of section 911(d)(2)) from the employer which constituted income from sources within the United States (within the meaning of section 861(a)(3)). If an individual is not a qualified beneficiary pursuant to the previous sentence, a spouse or dependent child of such individual shall not be considered a qualified beneficiary by virtue of the relationship of the individual.
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(D) Special Rule For Retirees And Widows
In the case of a qualifying event described in subsection (f)(3)(F), the term “qualified beneficiary” includes a covered employee who had retired on or before the date of substantial elimination of coverage and any other individual who, on the day before such qualifying event, is a beneficiary under the plan—
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(D)(i)
as the spouse of the covered employee,
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(D)(ii)
as the dependent child of the covered employee, or
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(1)(D)(iii)
as the surviving spouse of the covered employee.
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(2) Group Health Plan
The term “group health plan” has the meaning given such term by section 5000(b)(1). Such term shall not include any plan substantially all of the coverage under which is for qualified long-term care services (as defined in section 7702B(c)).
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(3) Plan Administrator
The term “plan administrator” has the meaning given the term “administrator” by section 3(16)(A) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(4) Correction
A failure of a group health plan to meet the requirements of subsection (f) with respect to any qualified beneficiary shall be treated as corrected if—
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(4)(A)
such failure is retroactively undone to the extent possible, and
I.R.C. § 4980B(g)(4)(B)
the qualified beneficiary is placed in a financial position which is as good as such beneficiary would have been in had such failure not occurred.
For purposes of applying subparagraph (B), the qualified beneficiary shall be treated as if he had elected the most favorable coverage in light of the expenses he incurred since the failure first occurred.
(Added Pub. L. 100-647, title III, Sec. 3011(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3616, and amended Pub. L. 101-239, title VI, Sec. 6202(b)(3)(B), 6701(a)-(c), title VII, Sec. 7862(c)(2)(B), (3)(C), (4)(B), (5)(A), 7891(d)(1)(B), (2)(A), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2233, 2294, 2295, 2432, 2433, 2446; Pub. L. 101-508, title XI, Sec. 11702(f), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388-515; Pub. L. 103-66, title XIII, Sec. 13422(a), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 312; Pub. L. 104-188, title I, Sec. 1704(g)(1)(A), (t)(21), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1755; Pub. L. 104-191, title III, 321(d)(1), title IV, 421(c), Aug. 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 1936; Pub. L. 107-210, title II, 203(e), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 933; Pub. L. 111-5, div. B, title I, Sec. 1899F(b), Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 115; Pub. L. 111-344, title I, Sec. 116(b), Dec. 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 3611; Pub. L. 112-40, title II, Sec. 243, Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 401; Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, title IV, Sec. 401(a)(235), (236), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 348.)
BACKGROUND NOTES
AMENDMENTS
2018 - Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, Sec. 401(a)(235), amended par. (1) by substituting “section 1928(h)(6) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396s(h)(6))” for “section 2162 of the Public Health Service Act”.
Subsec. (f)(5)(C)(iii). Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, Sec. 401(a)(236), amended clause (iii) by substituting “section 2704(c)(2)” for “section 2701(c)(2)”.
2011 - Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i)(V). Pub. L. 112-40, Sec. 243(a)(3), amended subclause (V) by substituting “January 1, 2014” for “February 12, 2011”.
Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i)(VI). Pub. L. 112-40, Sec. 243(a)(4), amended subclause (VI) by substituting “January 1, 2014” for “February 12, 2011”.
2010 - Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i)(V). Pub. L. 111-344, Sec. 116(b)(1), amended subclause (V) by substituting “February 12, 2011” for “December 31, 2010”.
Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i)(VI). Pub. L. 111-344, Sec. 116(b)(2), amended subclause (VI) by substituting “February 12, 2011” for “December 31, 2010”.
2009 - Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 111-5, Div. B, Sec. 1899F(b)(1), amended clause (i) by substituting “(VI) Special Rule For Disability.—In the case of a qualified beneficiary” for “In the case of a qualified beneficiary”.
Subsec. (f)(2(B)(i)(V)-(VIII). Pub. L. 111-5, Div. B, Sec. 1899F(b)(2), amended clause (i) by redesignating subclauses (V) and (VI) as subclauses (VII) and (VIII), respectively, and added new subclauses (V) and (VI).
2002 - Subsec. (f)(5)(C). Pub. L. 107-210, 203(e)(3), added subpar. (C).
1996 - Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 104-188, 1704(g), amended subclause (V). Before amendment, subclause (V) read as follows:
“(V) QUALIFYING EVENT INVOLVING MEDICARE ENTITLEMENT. -- In the case of an event described in paragraph (3)(D) (without regard to whether such event is a qualifying event), the period of coverage for qualified beneficiaries other than the covered employee for such event or any subsequent qualifying event shall not terminate before the close of the 36-month period beginning on the date the covered employee becomes entitled to benefits under title XVIII of the Social Security Act.”
Pub. L. 104-188, 1704(t)(21) substituted “subclause (V)” for “subclause (IV)” in sec. 6701(a)(1) of Pub. L. 101-239 [amending subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i) by adding the flush sentence after subclause (V)].
Subsec. (f)(2)(B). Pub. L. 104-191, Sec. 421(c)(1), substituted “at any time during the first 60 days of continuation coverage under this section” for “at the time of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B)” in the last sentence of clause (i); struck “with respect to such event” in the last sentence of clause (i); inserted “(with respect to all qualified beneficiaries)” after “29 months” in the last sentence of clause (i); inserted “(other than such an exclusion or limitation which does not apply to (or is satisfied by) such beneficiary by reason of chapter 100 of this title, part 7 of subtitle B of title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, or title XXVII of the Public Health Service Act)” before “, or” in clause (iv)(I); and substituted “at any time during the first 60 days of continuation coverage under this section” for “at the time of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B)”.
Subsec. (f)(6)(C). Pub. L. 104-191, Sec. 421(c)(2), substituted “at any time during the first 60 days of continuation coverage under this section” for “at the time of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B)”.
Subsec. (g)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104-191, Sec. 421(c)(3), added at the end a new flush sentence.
Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 104-191, Sec. 321(d)(1), added a new sentence at the end.
1993 - Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 103-66, Sec. 13422(a), amended par. (1) by inserting “the coverage of the costs of pediatric vaccines (as defined under section 2162 of the Public Health Service Act) is not reduced below the coverage provided by the plan as of May 1, 1993 and only if” after “only if”.
1990 - Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 101-508 amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: ‘any failure of a group health plan to meet the requirements of subsection (f) if all employers maintaining such plan normally employed fewer than 20 employees on a typical business day during the preceding calendar year,’.
1989 - Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 6701(a)(1), inserted after and below subcl. (V) ‘In the case of a qualified beneficiary who is determined, under title II or XVI of the Social Security Act, to have been disabled at the time of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B), any reference in subclause (I) or (II) to 18 months with respect to such event is deemed a reference to 29 months, but only if the qualified beneficiary has provided notice of such determination under paragraph (6)(C) before the end of such 18 months.’
Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(i)(V). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 7862(c)(5)(A), added subcl. (V).
Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(iv). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 7862(c)(3)(C), substituted ‘entitlement’ for ‘eligibility’ in heading and inserted ‘which does not contain any exclusion or limitation with respect to any preexisting condition of such beneficiary’ after ‘or otherwise)’ in subcl. (I).
Subsec. (f)(2)(B)(v). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 6701(a)(2), added cl. (v).
Subsec. (f)(2)(C). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 7862(c)(4)(B), amended last sentence generally. Prior to amendment, last sentence read as follows: ‘If an election is made after the qualifying event, the plan shall permit payment for continuation coverage during the period preceding the election to be made within 45 days of the date of the election.’
Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 6701(b), inserted at end ‘In the case of an individual described in the last sentence of subparagraph (B)(i), any reference in clause (i) of this subparagraph to ‘102 percent’ is deemed a reference to ‘150 percent’ for any month after the 18th month of continuation coverage described in subclause (I) or (II) of subparagraph (B)(i).'
Subsec. (f)(6). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 7891(d)(1)(B)(ii), inserted after and below subpar. (D) the following new flush sentence ‘The requirements of subparagraph (B) shall be considered satisfied in the case of a multiemployer plan in connection with a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B) if the plan provides that the determination of the occurrence of such qualifying event will be made by the plan administrator.’
Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 7891(d)(1)(B)(i)(II), inserted ‘(or, in the case of a group health plan which is a multiemployer plan, such longer period of time as may be provided in the terms of the plan)’ after ‘14 days’ in last sentence.
Subsec. (f)(6)(B). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 7891(d)(1)(B)(i)(I), inserted ‘(or, in the case of a group health plan which is a multiemployer plan, such longer period of time as may be provided in the terms of the plan)’ after ‘30 days’.
Subsec. (f)(6)(C). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 6701(c), inserted before period at end ‘and each qualified beneficiary who is determined, under title II or XVI of the Social Security Act, to have been disabled at the time of a qualifying event described in paragraph (3)(B) is responsible for notifying the plan administrator of such determination within 60 days after the date of the determination and for notifying the plan administrator within 30 days of the date of any final determination under such title or titles that the qualified beneficiary is no longer disabled’.
Subsec. (f)(7). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 7862(c)(2)(B), substituted ‘the performance of services by the individual for 1 or more persons maintaining the plan (including as an employee defined in section 401(c)(1))’ for ‘the individual's employment or previous employment with an employer'.
Subsec. (f)(8). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 7891(d)(2)(A), added par. (8).
Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 101-239, Sec. 6202(b)(3)(B), substituted ‘section 5000(b)(1)’ for ‘section 162(i)’.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2018 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Pub. L. No. 115-141, Div. U, Sec. 401(a)(235), (236) effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Mar. 23, 2018].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2011 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Sec. 243 of Pub. L. 112-40 effective for periods of coverage which would (without regard to the amendments made by this section) end on or after the date which is 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Oct. 21, 2011].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2010 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Sec. 116 of Pub. L. 111-344 effective for periods of coverage which would (without regard to the amendments made by this section) end on or after December 31, 2010.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2009 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Pub. L. 111-5, Div. B effective for periods of coverage which would (without regard to the amendments made by this section) end on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Feb. 17, 2009].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 107-210 effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Aug. 6, 2002].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 104-188 effective for plan years beginning after December 31, 1989.
Amendment by Pub. L. 104-191 effective for contracts issued after Dec. 31, 1996. See Sec. 321(f)(2)-(5) of Pub. L. 104-191, which sets out in a note under section 7702B of this title for special rules.
Amendment by Pub. L. 104-191, Sec. 421(c), effective on Jan. 1, 1997, regardless of whether the qualifying event occurred before, on, or after such date. Section 421(e) of Pub. L. 104-191 provided that: “Not later than November 1, 1996, each group health plan (covered under title XXVII of the Public Health Service Act, part 6 of subtitle B of title I of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and section 4980B(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) shall notify each qualified beneficiary who has elected continuation coverage under such title, part or section of the amendments made by this section.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 103-66, Sec. 13422(a), effective for plan years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Aug. 10, 1993].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 101-508 effective as if included in the provision of the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988, Pub. L. 100-647, to which such amendment relates, see section 11702(j) of Pub. L. 101-508, set out as a note under section 59 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1989 AMENDMENT
Amendment by section 6202(b)(3)(B) of Pub. L. 101-239 applicable to items and services furnished after Dec. 19, 1989, see section 6202(b)(5) of Pub. L. 101-239, set out as a note under section 162 of this title.
Section 6701(d) of Pub. L. 101-239 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this section (amending this section) shall apply to plan years beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act (Dec. 19, 1989), regardless of whether the qualifying event occurred before, on, or after such date.’
Section 7862(c)(2)(C) of Pub. L. 101-239 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this paragraph (amending this section and section 1167 of Title 29, Labor) shall apply to plan years beginning after December 31, 1989.’
Amendment by section 7862(c)(3)(C) of Pub. L. 101-239 applicable to (i) qualifying events occurring after Dec. 31, 1989, and (ii) in the case of qualified beneficiaries who elected continuation coverage after Dec. 31, 1988, the period for which the required premium was paid (or was attempted to be paid but was rejected as such), see section 7862(c)(3)(D) of Pub. L. 101-239, set out as a note under section 162 of this title.
Section 7862(c)(4)(C) of Pub. L. 101-239 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this paragraph (amending this section and section 1162 of Title 29, Labor) shall apply to plan years beginning after December 31, 1989.’
Section 7862(c)(5)(C) of Pub. L. 101-239 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this paragraph (amending this section and section 1162 of Title 29) shall apply to plan years beginning after December 31, 1989.’
Section 7891(d)(1)(C) of Pub. L. 101-239 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this paragraph (amending this section and section 1166 of Title 29) shall apply with respect to plan years beginning on or after January 1, 1990.’
Section 7891(d)(2)(C) of Pub. L. 101-239 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this paragraph (amending this section and section 1167 of Title 29) shall apply with respect to plan years beginning on or after January 1, 1990.’
EFFECTIVE DATE
Section applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1988, but not applicable to any plan for any plan year to which section 162(k) of this title (as in effect on the day before Nov. 10, 1988) did not apply by reason of section 10001(e)(2) of Pub. L. 99-272, see section 3011(d) of Pub. L. 100-647, set out as an Effective Date of 1988 Amendment note under section 162 of this title.