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Internal Revenue Code, § 1016. Adjustments To Basis

I.R.C. § 1016(a) General Rule
Proper adjustment in respect of the property shall in all cases be made—
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(1)
for expenditures, receipts, losses, or other items, properly chargeable to capital account, but no such adjustment shall be made—
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(1)(A)
for—
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(1)(A)(i)
taxes or other carrying charges described in section 266; or
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(1)(A)(ii)
expenditures described in section 173 (relating to circulation expenditures),
for which deductions have been taken by the taxpayer in determining taxable income for the taxable year or prior taxable years; or
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(1)(B)
for mortality, expense, or other reasonable charges incurred under an annuity or life insurance contract;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(2)
in respect of any period since February 28, 1913, for exhaustion, wear and tear, obsolescence, amortization, and depletion, to the extent of the amount—
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(2)(A)
allowed as deductions in computing taxable income under this subtitle or prior income tax laws, and
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(2)(B)
resulting (by reason of the deductions so allowed) in a reduction for any taxable year of the taxpayer's taxes under this subtitle (other than chapter 2, relating to tax on self-employment income), or prior income, war-profits, or excess-profits tax laws,
but not less than the amount allowable under this subtitle or prior income tax laws. Where no method has been adopted under section 167 (relating to depreciation deduction), the amount allowable shall be determined under the straight line method. Subparagraph (B) of this paragraph shall not apply in respect of any period since February 28, 1913, and before January 1, 1952, unless an election has been made under section 1020 (as in effect before the date of the enactment of the Tax Reform Act of 1976). Where for any taxable year before the taxable year 1932 the depletion allowance was based on discovery value or a percentage of income, then the adjustment for depletion for such year shall be based on the depletion which would have been allowable for such year if computed without reference to discovery value or a percentage of income;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(3)
in respect of any period—
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(3)(A)
before March 1, 1913,
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(3)(B)
since February 28, 1913, during which such property was held by a person or an organization not subject to income taxation under this chapter or prior income tax laws,
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(3)(C)
since February 28, 1913, and before January 1, 1958, during which such property was held by a person subject to tax under part I of subchapter L (or the corresponding provisions of prior income tax laws), to the extent that paragraph (2) does not apply, and
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(3)(D)
since February 28, 1913, during which such property was held by a person subject to tax under part II of subchapter L as in effect prior to its repeal by the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (or the corresponding provisions of prior income tax laws), to the extent that paragraph (2) does not apply,
for exhaustion, wear and tear, obsolescence, amortization, and depletion, to the extent sustained;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(4)
in the case of stock (to the extent not provided for in the foregoing paragraphs) for the amount of distributions previously made which, under the law applicable to the year in which the distribution was made, either were tax-free or were applicable in reduction of basis (not including distributions made by a corporation which was classified as a personal service corporation under the provisions of the Revenue Act of 1918 (40 Stat. 1057), or the Revenue Act of 1921 (42 Stat. 227), out of its earnings or profits which were taxable in accordance with the provisions of section 218 of the Revenue Act of 1918 or 1921);
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(5)
in the case of any bond (as defined in section 171(d)) the interest on which is wholly exempt from the tax imposed by this subtitle, to the extent of the amortizable bond premium disallowable as a deduction pursuant to section 171(a)(2), and in the case of any other bond (as defined in section 171(d)) to the extent of the deductions allowable pursuant to section 171(a)(1) (or the amount applied to reduce interest payments under section 171(e)(2)) with respect thereto;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(6)
in the case of any municipal bond (as defined in section 75(b)), to the extent provided in section 75(a)(2);
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(7)
in the case of a residence the acquisition of which resulted, under section 1034 (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997), in the nonrecognition of any part of the gain realized on the sale, exchange, or involuntary conversion of another residence, to the extent provided in section 1034(e) (as so in effect);
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(8)
in the case of property pledged to the Commodity Credit Corporation, to the extent of the amount received as a loan from the Commodity Credit Corporation and treated by the taxpayer as income for the year in which received pursuant to section 77, and to the extent of any deficiency on such loan with respect to which the taxpayer has been relieved from liability;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(9)
for amounts allowed as deductions as deferred expenses under section 616(b) (relating to certain expenditures in the development of mines) and resulting in a reduction of the taxpayer's taxes under this subtitle, but not less than the amounts allowable under such section for the taxable year and prior years;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(10)
[Repealed. Pub. L. 94-455, title XIX, 1901(b)(21)(G), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1798.]
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(11)
for deductions to the extent disallowed under section 268 (relating to sale of land with unharvested crops), notwithstanding the provisions of any other paragraph of this subsection;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(12)
[Repealed. Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, Sec. 221(a)(75).]
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(13)
[Repealed. Pub. L. 108-357, title IV, Sec. 413(c)(19), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1418.]
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(14)
for amounts allowed as deductions as deferred expenses under section 174(b)(1) (relating to research and experimental expenditures) and resulting in a reduction of the taxpayers' taxes under this subtitle, but not less than the amounts allowable under such section for the taxable year and prior years;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(15)
for deductions to the extent disallowed under section 272 (relating to disposal of coal or domestic iron ore), notwithstanding the provisions of any other paragraph of this subsection;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(16)
in the case of any evidence of indebtedness referred to in section 811(b) (relating to amortization of premium and accrual of discount in the case of life insurance companies), to the extent of the adjustments required under section 811(b) (or the corresponding provisions of prior income tax laws) for the taxable year and all prior taxable years;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(17)
to the extent provided in section 1367 in the case of stock of, and indebtedness owed to, shareholders of an S corporation;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(18)
to the extent provided in section 961 in the case of stock in controlled foreign corporations (or foreign corporations which were controlled foreign corporations) and of property by reason of which a person is considered as owning such stock;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(19)
to the extent provided in section 50(c), in the case of expenditures with respect to which a credit has been allowed under section 38;
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(20)
for amounts allowed as deductions under section 59(e) (relating to optional 10-year writeoff of certain tax preferences);
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(21)
to the extent provided in section 1059 (relating to reduction in basis for extraordinary dividends);
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(22)
in the case of qualified replacement property the acquisition of which resulted under section 1042 in the nonrecognition of any part of the gain realized on the sale or exchange of any property, to the extent provided in section 1042(d);
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(23)
in the case of property the acquisition of which resulted under section 1043, 1045, or 1397B in the nonrecognition of any part of the gain realized on the sale of other property, to the extent provided in section 1043(c), 1045(b)(3), or 1397B(b)(4) as the case may be,
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(24)
[Repealed. Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, Sec. 221(a)(34)(G).]
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(25)
Repealed. Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, Sec. 221(a)(2)(D).]
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(26)
to the extent provided in sections 23(g) and 137(e),
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(27)
Repealed. Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, Sec. 401(d)(4)(B)(iv).]
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(28)
in the case of a facility with respect to which a credit was allowed under section 45F, to the extent provided in section 45F(f)(1),
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(29)
in the case of railroad track with respect to which a credit was allowed under section 45G, to the extent provided in section 45G(e)(3),
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(30)
to the extent provided in section 179B(c),
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(31)
to the extent provided in section 179D(e),
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(32)
to the extent provided in section 45L(e), in the case of amounts with respect to which a credit has been allowed under section 45L,
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(33)
to the extent provided in section 25C(f), in the case of amounts with respect to which a credit has been allowed under section 25C,
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(34)
to the extent provided in section 25D(f), in the case of amounts with respect to which a credit has been allowed under section 25D,
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(35)
to the extent provided in section 30B(h)(4),
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(36)
to the extent provided in section 30C(e)(1),
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(37)
to the extent provided in section 30D(f)(1).
I.R.C. § 1016(a)(38)
to the extent provided in subsections (b)(2) and (c) of section 1400Z–2.
I.R.C. § 1016(b) Substituted Basis
Whenever it appears that the basis of property in the hands of the taxpayer is a substituted basis, then the adjustments provided in subsection (a) shall be made after first making in respect of such substituted basis proper adjustments of a similar nature in respect of the period during which the property was held by the transferor, donor, or grantor, or during which the other property was held by the person for whom the basis is to be determined. A similar rule shall be applied in the case of a series of substituted bases.
I.R.C. § 1016(c) Increase In Basis Of Property On Which Additional Estate Tax Is Imposed
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(1) Tax Imposed With Respect To Entire Interest
If an additional estate tax is imposed under section 2032A(c)(1) with respect to any interest in property and the qualified heir makes an election under this subsection with respect to the imposition of such tax, the adjusted basis of such interest shall be increased by an amount equal to the excess of—
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(1)(A)
the fair market value of such interest on the date of the decedent's death (or the alternate valuation date under section 2032, if the executor of the decedent's estate elected the application of such section), over
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(1)(B)
the value of such interest determined under section 2032A(a).
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(2) Partial Dispositions
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(2)(A) In General
In the case of any partial disposition for which an election under this subsection is made, the increase in basis under paragraph (1) shall be an amount—
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(2)(A)(i)
which bears the same ratio to the increase which would be determined under paragraph (1) (without regard to this paragraph) with respect to the entire interest, as
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(2)(A)(ii)
the amount of the tax imposed under section 2032A(c)(1) with respect to such disposition bears to the adjusted tax difference attributable to the entire interest (as determined under section 2032A(c)(2)(B)).
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(2)(B) Partial Disposition
For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “partial disposition” means any disposition or cessation to which subsection (c)(2)(D), (h)(1)(B), or (i)(1)(B) of section 2032A applies.
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(3) Time Adjustment Made
Any increase in basis under this subsection shall be deemed to have occurred immediately before the disposition or cessation resulting in the imposition of the tax under section 2032A(c)(1).
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(4) Special Rule In The Case Of Substituted Property
If the tax under section 2032A(c)(1) is imposed with respect to qualified replacement property (as defined in section 2032A(h)(3)(B)) or qualified exchange property (as defined in section 2032A(i)(3)), the increase in basis under paragraph (1) shall be made by reference to the property involuntarily converted or exchanged (as the case may be).
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(5) Election
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(5)(A) In General
An election under this subsection shall be made at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall by regulations prescribe. Such an election, once made, shall be irrevocable.
I.R.C. § 1016(c)(5)(B) Interest On Recaptured Amount
If an election is made under this subsection with respect to any additional estate tax imposed under section 2032A(c)(1), for purposes of section 6601 (relating to interest on underpayments), the last date prescribed for payment of such tax shall be deemed to be the last date prescribed for payment of the tax imposed by section 2001 with respect to the estate of the decedent (as determined for purposes of section 6601).
I.R.C. § 1016(d) Reduction In Basis Of Automobile On Which Gas Guzzler Tax Was Imposed
If—
I.R.C. § 1016(d)(1)
the taxpayer acquires any automobile with respect to which a tax was imposed by section 4064, and
I.R.C. § 1016(d)(2)
the use of such automobile by the taxpayer begins not more than 1 year after the date of the first sale for ultimate use of such automobile,
the basis of such automobile shall be reduced by the amount of the tax imposed by section 4064 with respect to such automobile. In the case of importation, if the date of entry or withdrawal from warehouse for consumption is later than the date of the first sale for ultimate use, such later date shall be substituted for the date of such first sale in the preceding sentence.
I.R.C. § 1016(e) Cross Reference
For treatment of separate mineral interests as one property, see section 614.
(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 299; June 29, 1956, ch. 464, Sec. 4(c), 70 Stat. 407; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85-866, title I, Sec. 2(b), 64(d)(2), 72 Stat. 1607, 1656; June 25, 1959,Pub. L. 86-69, Sec. 3(d), 73 Stat. 139; Oct. 16, 1962, Pub. L. 87-834, Sec. 2(f), 8(g)(2), 12(b)(4), 76 Stat. 972, 998, 1031; Feb. 26, 1964,Pub. L. 88-272, title II, Sec. 203(a)(3)(C), 225(j)(2), 227(b)(5), 78 Stat. 34, 93, 98; Dec. 30, 1969, Pub. L. 91-172, title II, Sec. 231(c)(3), title V, Sec. 504(c)(4), 516(c)(2)(B), 83 Stat. 580, 633, 648; Oct. 4, 1976, Pub. L. 94-455, title XIX, Sec. 1901(a)(123), (b)(1)(F)(ii), (21)(G), (29)(A), (30)(A), title XX, Sec. 2005(a)(3), 90 Stat. 1784, 1790, 1798, 1799, 1876; Oct. 17, 1978, Pub. L. 95-472, Sec. 4(b), 92 Stat. 1335; Nov. 6, 1978, Pub. L. 95-600, title V, Sec. 515(2), title VI, Sec. 601(b)(3), title VII, Sec. 702(r)(3), 92 Stat. 2884, 2896, 2938; Nov. 9, 1978, Pub. L. 95-618, title I, Sec. 101(b)(3), title II, Sec. 201(b), 92 Stat. 3179, 3183; Apr. 1, 1980, Pub. L. 96-222, title I, Sec. 106(a)(2), (3), 107(a)(2)(C), 94 Stat. 221, 222; Apr. 2, 1980, Pub. L. 96-223, title IV, Sec. 401(a), (c)(1), 94 Stat. 299, 300; Aug. 13, 1981, Pub. L. 97-34, title II, Sec. 212(d)(2)(G), title IV, Sec. 421(g), 95 Stat. 239, 310; Sept. 3, 1982, Pub. L. 97-248, title II, Sec. 201(c)(2), 205(a)(5)(B), 96 Stat. 418, 429; Oct. 19, 1982, Pub. L. 97-354, Sec. 5(a)(33), 96 Stat. 1695; July 18, 1984, Pub. L. 98-369, div. A, title I, Sec. 43(a)(2), 53(d)(3), title II, Sec. 211(b)(14), title IV, Sec. 474(r)(23), title V, Sec. 541(b)(2), 98 Stat. 558, 568, 756, 844, 890; Oct. 22, 1986, Pub. L. 99-514, title II, Sec. 241(b)(2), title VII, Sec. 701(e)(4)(D), title XIII, Sec. 1303(b)(3), title XVIII, Sec. 1899A(25), 100 Stat. 2181, 2343, 2658, 2959; Nov. 10, 1988, Pub. L. 100-647, title I, Sec. 1006(j)(1)(B), 1018(u)(22), 102 Stat. 3411, 3591; Nov. 30, 1989,Pub. L. 101-194, title V, Sec. 502(b)(2), 103 Stat. 1755; Nov. 5, 1990, Pub. L. 101-508, title XI, Sec. 11801(c)(1), 11812(b)(10), 11813(b)(19), 104 Stat. 1388-522, 1388-535, 1388-555; Oct. 24, 1992,Pub. L. 102-486, Sec. 1913(a)(3), 1913(b)(2); Aug. 10, 1993, Pub. L. 103-66, Sec. 13114(b), 13261(f)(3); Aug. 20, 1996, Pub. L. 104-188, Sec. 1807(c)(5), 110 Stat. 1755; Pub. L. 105-34, title III, VII, Sec. 312(d)(6), 313(b)(1), 701(b)(2), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat 788; Dec. 21, 2000, Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 116, 114 Stat. 2763; June 7, 2001, Pub. L. 107-16, Sec. 205(b), 115 Stat. 38; Oct. 22, 2004, Pub. L. 108-357, title II, III, IV, Sec. 245(c), 338(b), 339(d), 413(c), 118 Stat. 1418; Aug. 8, 2005, Pub. L. 109-58, title XIII, Sec. 1331(b), 1332(c), 1333(b), 1335(b), 1341(b), 1342(b), 119 Stat. 594; Dec. 21, 2005, Pub. L. 109-135, title IV, Sec. 412(nn), 119 Stat. 2577; Dec. 29, 2007, Pub. L. 110-172, Sec. 7(a)(1), 11(a)(21), 11(a)(22), 121 Stat. 2473; Pub. L. 110-343, div. B, title II, Sec. 205(d), Oct. 3, 2008, 122 Stat. 3765; Pub. L. 111-5, div. B, title I, Sec. 1141(b)(3), 1142(b)(6), Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 115; Pub. L. 111-148, Sec. 10909(b)(2)(L), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 11; Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, title II, Sec. 209(j)(2), Sec. 221(a), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4010; Pub. L. 115-97, title I, Secs. 13313(b), 13521(a), 13823(b), Dec. 22, 2017, 131 Stat. 2054; Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, title IV, Sec. 401(a)(166), (d)(4)(B)(iv), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 348.)
BACKGROUND NOTES
AMENDMENTS
2018--Subsec. (a)(3)(D). Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, Sec. 401(a)(166), amended subpar. (D) by inserting ‘‘as in effect prior to its repeal by the Tax Reform Act of 1986’’ before ‘‘(or the corresponding provisions of prior income tax laws)’’.
Subsec. (a)(27). Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, Sec. 401(d)(4)(B)(iv), amended subsec. (a) by striking par. (27). Before being struck, par. (27) read as follows:
“(27) in the case of a residence with respect to which a credit was allowed under section 1400C, to the extent provided in section 1400C(h),”
2017--Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 115-97, Sec. 13521(a), amended par. (1) by amending the text starting with subpar. (A) all that follows. Before amendment, it read as follows:
“(A) for taxes or other carrying charges described in section 266, or
“(B) for expenditures described in section 173 (relating to circulation expenditures),
“for which deductions have been taken by the taxpayer in determining taxable income for the taxable year or prior taxable years;”.
Subsec. (a)(23). Pub. L. 115-97, Sec. 13313(b), amended par. (23) by striking “1044,” and by striking “1044(d),”.
Subsec. (a)(36)-(38). Pub. L. 115-97, Sec. 13823(b), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (36), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (37), and by adding par. (38).
2014--Subsec. (a)(12). Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, Sec. 221(a)(75), struck par. (12) Before being struck, it read as follows:
“(12) to the extent provided in section 28(h) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 in the case of amounts specified in a shareholder's consent made under section 28 of such code; ”.
Subsec. (a)(24). Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, Sec. 221(a)(34)(G), struck par. (24). Before being struck, it read as follows:
“(24) to the extent provided in section 179A(e)(6)(A),”.
Subsec. (a)(25). Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, Sec. 221(a)(2)(D), struck par. (25). Before being struck, it read as follows:
“(25) to the extent provided in section 30(e)(1),
Subsec. (a)(37). Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, Sec. 209(j)(2), amended par. (37) by substituting “section 30D(f)(1)” for “section 30D(e)(4)”.
2010--Subsec. (a)(26). Pub. L. 111-148, Sec. 10909(b)(2)(L), amended par. (26) by substituting “36C(g)” for “23(g)”.
2009--Subsec. (a)(25). Pub. L. 111-5, Div. B, Sec. 1142(b)(6), amended par. (25) by substituting “section 30(e)(1)” for “section 30(d)(1)”.
Subsec. (a)(25)[37]. Pub. L. 111-5, Div. B, Sec. 1141(b)(3), amended par. (25)[37] by substituting “section 30D(f)(1)” for “section 30D(e)(4)”. Note that Pub. L. 111-5, Div. B, Sec. 1141(b)(3) instructed that the amendment be made to par. (25), but the language to be struck appears in par. (37).
2008--Subsec. (a)(35)-(37).Pub. L. 110-343, Div. B, Sec. 205(d)(2), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (35), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (36), and by adding par. (37).
2007 - Subsec. (a)(31)-(37).Pub. L. 110-172, Sec. 7(a)(1)(C), amended subsec. (a) by striking par. (31) and redesignating par. (32)-(37) as par. (31)-(36), respectively. Before being struck, par. (31) read as follows:
“(31) in the case of a facility with respect to which a credit was allowed under section 45H, to the extent provided in section 45H(d),”
Subsec. (a)(33). Pub. L. 110-172, Sec. 11(a)(21), amended par. (33), as redesignated, by substituting “section 25C(f)” as “section 25C(e)”.
Subsec. (a)(36). Pub. L. 110-172, Sec. 11(a)(22), amended par. (36), as redesignated, by substituting “section 30C(e)(1)” for “section 30C(f)”.
2005 - Subsec. (a)(23). Pub. L. 109-135, Sec. 412(nn), amended par. (23) by substituting “1045(b)(3)” for “1045(b)(4)”.
Subsec. (a)(30)-(32). Pub. L. 109-58, Sec. 1331(b), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (30), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (31), and by adding par. (32).
Subsec. (a)(31)-(33). Pub. L. 109-58, Sec. 1332(c), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (31), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (32), and by adding par. (33).
Subsec. (a)(32)-(34). Pub. L. 109-58, Sec. 1333(b), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (32), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (33), and by adding par. (34).
Subsec. (a)(33)-(35). Pub. L. 109-58, Sec. 1335(b), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (33), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (34), and by adding par. (35).
Subsec. (a)(34)-(36). Pub. L. 109-58, Sec. 1341(b), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (34), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (35), and by adding par. (36).
Subsec. (a)(35)-(37). Pub. L. 109-58, Sec. 1342(b), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (35), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (36), and by adding par. (37).
2004 - Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 108-357, Sec. 413(c)(19), struck par. (13). Before being struck, it read as follows:
“(13) to the extent provided in section 551(e) in the case of the stock of United States shareholders in a foreign personal holding company;”.
Subsec. (a)(27)-(29). Pub. L. 108-357, Sec. 245(c)(2), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (27), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (28), and by adding par. (29).
Subsec. (a)(28)-(30). Pub. L. 108-357, Sec. 338(b)(4), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (28), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (29), and by adding par. (30).
Subsec. (a)(29)-(31). Pub. L. 108-357, Sec. 339(d), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (29), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (30), and by adding par. (31).
2001 - Subsec. (a)(26)-(28).Pub. L. 107-16, Sec. 205(b)(3), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (26), by substituting “, and” for “.” Iat the end of par. (27), and by adding par. (28).
2000 - Subsec. (a)(23). Pub. L. 106-554, Sec. 116(b)(1), substituted “1045, or 1397B” for “or 1045”.
1997 - Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 105-34, Sec. 312(d)(6) inserted “(as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997)” after “1034” and inserted “(as so in effect)” after “1034(e)”.
Subsec. (a)(23). Pub. L. 105-34, Sec. 313(b)(1) substituted “, 1044, or 1045” for “or 1044” and substituted “, 1044(d), or 1045(b)(4)" for “or 1044(d)”.
Subsecs. (a)(25), (26), and (27). Pub. L. 105-34, Sec. 701(b)(2) struck “and” from the end of paragraph (25), substituted “, and” for the period at the end of paragraph (26), and inserted new paragraph (27) at the end of subsec. (a).
1996 - Subsec. (a)(24)-(26).Pub. L. 104-188, Sec. 1807(c)(5), struck “and” at the end of par. (24); substituted “, and” for “." at the end of par. (25); and added par. (26).
1993 - Subsec. (a)(19). Pub. L. 103-66, Sec. 13261(f)(3), struck par. (19) and redesignated par. (20)-(26) as par. (19)-(25), respectively. Before being struck, par. (19) read as follows:
“(19) for amounts allowed as deductions for payments made on account of transfers of franchises, trademarks, or trade names under section 1253(d)(2);”.
Subsec. (a)(24). Pub. L. 103-66, Sec. 13114(b), amended par. (24) by substituting “section 1043 or 1044” for “section 1043”, and by substituting “section 1043(c) or 1044(d), as the case may be” for “section 1043(c)”.
1992 - Subsec. (a)(23)-(25).Pub. L. 102-486, Sec. 1913(a)(3), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (23), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (24), and by adding new par. (25).
Subsec. (24)-(26). Pub. L. 102-486, Sec. 1913(b)(2), amended subsec. (a) by striking “and” at the end of par. (24), by substituting “, and” for the period at the end of par. (25), and by adding new par. (26).
1990 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 11812(b)(10), substituted ‘under the straight line method’ for ‘under section 167(b)(1)’ in concluding provisions.
Subsec. (a)(20). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 11813(b)(19), as amended by Pub. L. 104-188, Sec. 1704(t)(56), struck ‘section 48(q)’ and inserted ‘section 50(c)’.
Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 11801(c)(1), redesignated par. (21) as (20) and struck out former par. (20) which read as follows: ‘to the extent provided in section 23(e), in the case of property with respect to which a credit has been allowed under section 23;’.
Subsec. (a)(21)to (25). Pub. L. 101-508, Sec. 11801(c)(1), redesignated pars. (21) to (25) as (20)to (24), respectively.
1989 - Subsec. (a)(25). Pub. L. 101-194 added par. (25).
1988 - Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 100-647, Sec. 1006(j)(1)(B), inserted ‘(or the amount applied to reduce interest payments under section 171(e)(2))’ after ‘allowable pursuant to section 171(a)(1)’.
Subsec. (a)(21) to (26). Pub. L. 100-647, Sec. 1018(u)(22), added pars. (21) to (24) and struck out former pars. (23) to (26) which read as follows:
‘(23) to the extent provided in section 48(q) in the case of expenditures with respect to which a credit has been allowed under section 38;
‘(24) for amounts allowed as deductions under section 59(d) (relating to optional 10-year writeoff of certain tax preferences);
‘(25) to the extent provided in section 1059 (relating to reduction in basis for extraordinary dividends); and
‘(26) in the case of qualified replacement property, the acquisition of which resulted under section 1042 in the nonrecognition of any part of the gain realized on the sale or exchange of any property, to the extent provided in section 1042(c).’
Former pars. (21) and (22) had been struck out previously.
1986 - Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99-514, Sec. 1899A(25), which directed the amendment of pars. (23) to (26) by substituting a semicolon for a comma at the end thereof was executed to pars. (24) to (26) in view of the prior repeal of par. (23).
Pub. L. 99-514, Sec. 1303(b)(3), which directed the amendment of subsec. (a) by striking out par. (22) and redesignating pars. (23) to (27) as (22) to (26), respectively, was executed by striking out par. (21) to reflect the probable intent of Congress in view of the amendment by section 241(b)(2) of Pub. L. 99-514. Prior to the amendment, par. (21) read as follows: ‘to the extent provided in section 1395 in the case of stock of shareholders of a general stock ownership corporation (as defined in section 1391) which makes the election provided by section 1392;’.
Pub. L. 99-514, Sec. 241(b)(2), redesignated pars. (17) to (27) as (16) to (26), respectively, and struck out former par. (16) which read as follows: ‘for amounts allowed as deductions for expenditures treated as deferred expenses under section 177 (relating to trademark and trade name expenditures) and resulting in a reduction of the taxpayer's taxes under this subtitle, but not less than the amounts allowable under such section for the taxable year and prior years;'.
Subsec. (a)(24). Pub. L. 99-514, Sec. 701(e)(4)(D), substituted ‘section 59(d)’ for ‘section 58(i)’.
1984 - Subsec. (a)(17). Pub. L. 98-369, Sec. 211(b)(14), substituted ‘section 811(b)’ for ‘section 818(b)’ in two places.
Subsec. (a)(21). Pub. L. 98-369, Sec. 474(r)(23), substituted ‘section 23(e)’ for ‘section 44C(e)’ and ‘section 23’ for ‘section 44C’.
Subsec. (a)(26). Pub. L. 98-369, Sec. 53(d)(3), added par. (26).
Subsec. (a)(27). Pub. L. 98-369, Sec. 541(b)(2), added par. (27).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98-369, Sec. 43(a)(2), struck out ‘The term ‘substituted basis’ as used in this section means a basis determined under any provision of this subchapter and subchapters C (relating to corporate distributions and adjustments), K (relating to partners and partnerships), and P (relating to capital gains and losses), or under any corresponding provision of a prior income tax law, providing that the basis shall be determined (1) by reference to the basis in the hands of a transferor, donor, or grantor, or (2) by reference to other property held at any time by the person for whom the basis is to be determined.' See section 7701(a)(42) of this title.
1982 - Subsec. (a)(18). Pub. L. 97-354 substituted ‘section 1367’ for ‘section 1376’, ‘indebtedness owed to’ for ‘indebtedness owing’, and ‘an S corporation’ for ‘an electing small business corporation (as defined in section 1371(b))’.
Subsec. (a)(24). Pub. L. 97-248, Sec. 205(a)(5)(B), substituted ‘to the extent provided in section 48(q)’ for ‘to the extent provided in section 48(g)(5)’.
Subsec. (a)(25). Pub. L. 97-248, Sec. 201(c)(2), added par. (25).
1981 - Subsec. (a)(24). Pub. L. 97-34, Sec. 212(d)(2)(G), added par. (24).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97-34, Sec. 421(g), substituted provisions respecting increase in basis of property on which additional estate tax is imposed for provisions for increase in basis in the case of certain involuntary conversions, if such compulsory or involuntary conversions are within the meaning of section 1033, and an additional estate tax is imposed under section 2032A, and provisions respecting time adjustment made.
1980 - Subsec. (a)(22). Pub. L. 96-222, Sec. 106(a)(2), redesignated par. (21), relating to the extent provided in section 1395 in the case of stock of shareholders of a general stock ownership corporation, as (22).
Subsec. (a)(23). Pub. L. 96-223, Sec. 401(a), repealed the amendments made by Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 2005(a)(3), and Pub. L. 95-600, Sec. 702(r)(3). See 1976 and 1978 Amendment notes below.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96-223, Sec. 401(c)(1), struck out provision relating to the net appreciation of in value of certain property and struck out references to section 1023 of this title.
1978 - Subsec. (a)(21). Pub. L. 95-618, Sec. 101(b)(3), added par. (21) relating to an adjustment to the extent provided in section 44C.
Pub. L. 95-600, Sec. 601(b)(3), as amended by Pub. L. 96-222, Sec. 106(a)(3), added par. (21) relating to an adjustment to the extent provided in section 1395.
Subsec. (a)(23). Pub. L. 95-600, Sec. 702(r)(3), which redesignated par. (23) as (21), was repealed by Pub. L. 96-222, Sec. 107(a)(2)(C), and Pub. L. 96-223, Sec. 401(a). See Repeals note below.
Pub. L. 95-600, Sec. 515(2), substituted ‘December 31, 1979’ for ‘December 31, 1976’.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95-472 added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95-618, Sec. 201(b), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).
Pub. L. 95-472 redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95-618, Sec. 201(b), redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).
1976 - Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 1901(b)(29)(A), inserted ‘(as in effect before the date of the enactment of the Tax Reform Act of 1976)’ after ‘under section 1020’.
Subsec. (a)(10). Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 1901(b)(21)(G), struck out par. (10) which related to adjustment for the amounts allowed as deductions as deferred expenses under section 615(b) of this title.
Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 1901(b)(1)(F)(ii), substituted ‘section 551(e)’ for ‘section 551(f)’.
Subsec. (a)(19). Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 1901(a)(123), (b)(30)(A), redesignated par. (20) as (19). Former par. (19), which related to adjustment of section 38 property to the extent provided in sections 48(g) and 203 of this title, was struck out.
Subsec. (a)(20). Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 1901(b)(30)(A), redesignated par. (22) as (20). Former par. (20) redesignated (19).
Subsec. (a)(21). Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 1901(b)(30)(A), struck out par. (21) which related to property adjustment to the extent provided in section 1022 of this title.
Subsec. (a)(22). Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 1901(b)(30)(A), redesignated par. (22) as (20).
Subsec. (a)(23). Pub. L. 94-455, Sec. 2005(a)(3), added par. (23). See Repeals note below.
1969 - Subsec. (a)(22). Pub. L. 91-172, Sec. 516(c)(2)(B), added par. (22).
Subsec. (a)(10). Pub. L. 91-172, Sec. 504(c)(4), limited exploration expenditures referred to in this par. to pre-1970 exploration expenditures.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91-172, Sec. 231(c)(3), redesignated existing provisions as par. (2) and added par. (1).
1964 - Subsec. (a)(15). Pub. L. 88-272, Sec. 227(b)(5), inserted ‘or domestic iron ore’.
Subsec. (a)(19). Pub. L. 88-272, Sec. 203(a)(3)(C), inserted ‘and in section 203(a)(2) of the Revenue Act of 1964’.
Subsec. (a)(21). Pub. L. 88-272, Sec. 225(j)(2), added par. (21).
1962 - Subsec. (a)(3)(D).Pub. L. 87-834, Sec. 8(g)(2), added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (a)(19). Pub. L. 87-834, Sec. 2(f), added par. (19).
Subsec. (a)(20). Pub. L. 87-834, Sec. 12(b)(4), added par. (20).
1959 - Subsec. (a)(3)(C).Pub. L. 86-69, Sec. 3(d)(1), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (a)(17). Pub. L. 86-69, Sec. 3(d)(2), added par. (17).
1958 - Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 85-866, Sec. 2(b), struck out ‘short-term’ before ‘municipal bond’.
Subsec. (a)(18). Pub. L. 85-866, Sec. 64(d)(2), added par. (18).
1956 - Subsec. (a)(16). Act June 29, 1956, added par. (16).
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2018 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, Sec. 401(a)(166), (d)(4)(B)(iv), effective March 23, 2018.
Sec. 401(d)(4)(C) of Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, provided the following savings provision:
“(C) Savings Provision.—The amendments made by this paragraph shall not apply to—
“(i) in the case of the repeal of section 1400A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, obligations described in section 1394 of such Code (as in effect before its repeal) which were issued before January 1, 2012,
“(ii) in the case of the repeal of section 1400B of such Code, DC Zone assets (as defined in such section, as in effect before its repeal) which were acquired by the taxpayer before January 1, 2012, and
“(iii) in the case of the repeal of section 1400C of such Code, principal residences acquired before January 1, 2012.
Sec. 401(e) of Pub. L. 115-141, Div. U, provided the following Savings Provision:
“(e) General Savings Provision With Respect To Deadwood Provisions.—If—
“(1) any provision amended or repealed by the amendments made by subsection (b) or (d) applied to—
“(A) any transaction occurring before the date of the enactment of this Act,
“(B) any property acquired before such date of enactment, or
“(C) any item of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account before such date of enactment, and
“(2) the treatment of such transaction, property, or item under such provision would (without regard to the amendments or repeals made by such subsection) affect the liability for tax for periods ending after such date of enactment,
“nothing in the amendments or repeals made by this section shall be construed to affect the treatment of such transaction, property, or item for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after such date of enactment.”
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2017 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Pub. L. 115-97, Sec. 13313(b), effective for sales after December 31, 2017.
Amendment by Pub. L. 115-97, Sec. 13521(a), effective for transactions entered into after August 25, 2009.
Amendments by Pub. L. 115-97, Sec. 13823(b), effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Dec. 22, 2017].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2014 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, Sec. 209(j)(2), effective as if included in the provision of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Act of 2009 [Pub. L. 111-5, Div. B, Sec. 1141] to which it relates [Effective for vehicles acquired after Dec. 31, 2009].
Amendments by Pub. L. 113-295, Div A, Sec. 221(a), effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Dec. 19, 2014].
Section 221(b)(2) of Pub. L. 113-295, Div. A, provided the following Savings Provision:
“(2) SAVINGS PROVISION.—If—
“(A) any provision amended or repealed by the amendments made by this section applied to—
“(i) any transaction occurring before the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Dec. 19, 2014],
“(ii) any property acquired before such date of enactment, or
“(iii) any item of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account before such date of enactment, and
“(B) the treatment of such transaction, property, or item under such provision would (without regard to the amendments or repeals made by this section) affect the liability for tax for periods ending after date of enactment, nothing in the amendments or repeals made by this section shall be construed to affect the treatment of such transaction, property, or item for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after such date of enactment.”
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2010 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by Section 10909(b) of Pub. L. 111-148 effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2009. Section 10909(c) of Pub. L. 111-148, as amended by Pub. L. 111-312, Sec. 101(b), provided:
“(c) SUNSET PROVISION.—Each provision of law amended by this section is amended to read as such provision would read if this section had never been enacted. The amendments made by the preceding sentence shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2011.”
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2009 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by Div. B, Section 1141(b)(3) of Pub. L. 111-5 effective for vehicles acquired after December 31, 2009.
Amendment by Div. B, Section 1142(b)(6) of Pub. L. 111-5 effective for vehicles acquired after the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Feb. 17, 2009].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2008 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Div. B, Section 205(d)(2) of Pub. L. 110-343 effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2008.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2007 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Section 7(a)(1)(C) of Pub. L. 110-172 effective as if included in the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 [Pub. L. 108-357, Sec. 339] to which they relate.
Amendments by Section 11(a) of Pub. L. 110-172 effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Dec. 29, 2007].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2005 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by Section 412(nn) of Pub. L. 109-135 applicable on the date of the enactment of this Act [Enacted: Dec. 21, 2005].
Amendments by Section 1331(b) of Pub. L. 109-58 applicable to property placed in service after December 31, 2005.
Amendments by Section 1332(c) of Pub. L. 109-58 applicable to qualified new energy efficient homes acquired after December 31, 2005 in taxable years ending after such date.
Amendments by Section 1333(b) of Pub. L. 109-58 applicable to property placed in service after December 31, 2005.
Amendments by Section 1335(b) of Pub. L. 109-58 applicable to property placed in service after December 31, 2005 in taxable years ending after such date
Amendments by Section 1341(b) of Pub. L. 109-58 applicable to property placed in service after December 31, 2005 in taxable years ending after such date
Amendments by Section 1342(b) of Pub. L. 109-58 applicable to property placed in service after December 31, 2005 in taxable years ending after such date
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2004 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Section 245(c)(2) of Pub. L. 108-357 applicable to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2004.
Amendments by Section 338(b)(4) of Pub. L. 108-357 applicable to expenses paid or incurred after December 31, 2002, in taxable years ending after such date.
Amendments by Section 339(d) of Pub. L. 108-357 applicable expenses paid or incurred after December 31, 2002, in taxable years ending after such date.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2001 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by Section 205(b)(3) of Pub. L. 107-16 applicable to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2001.
Section 901 (Sunset of Provisions of Act) of Pub. L. 107-16, as amended by Pub. L. 107-358 and Pub. L. 111-312, Sec. 101(a), and struck by Pub. L. 112-240, Sec. 101(a)(1) (effective for taxable, plan, or limitation years beginning after Dec. 31, 2012, and estates of decedents dying, gifts made, or generation skipping transfers after Dec. 31, 2012), provided that:
“(a) IN GENERAL.--All provisions of, and amendments made by, this Act shall not apply--
“(1) to taxable, plan, or limitation years beginning after December 31, 2012, or
“(2) in the case of title V, to estates of decedents dying, gifts made, or generation skipping transfers, after December 31, 2012.
“(b) APPLICATION OF CERTAIN LAWS.--The Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 shall be applied and administered to years, estates, gifts, and transfers described in subsection (a) as if the provisions and amendments described in subsection (a) had never been enacted.
“(c) EXCEPTION.-Subsection (a) shall not apply to section 803 (relating to no federal income tax on restitution received by victims of the Nazi regime or their heirs or estates).”
NOTE: Section 10909(c) of Pub. L. 111-148, as amended by Pub. L. 111-312, Sec. 101(b), provided:
“(c) SUNSET PROVISION.—Each provision of law amended by this section is amended to read as such provision would read if this section had never been enacted. The amendments made by the preceding sentence shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2011.”
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2000 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by Section 116(b)(1) of Pub. L. 106-554 applicable to qualified empowerment zone assets acquired after the date of the enactment of this Act [Enactment Date: Dec. 21, 2000].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1997 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by Section 312(d)(6) of Pub. L. 105-34 applicable to sales and exchanges after May, 6, 1997. Special rules relating to amendments made under Section 312 of Pub. L. 105-34 are set out under Code Section 121.
Amendment by Section 313(b)(1) of Pub. L. 105-34 applicable to sales after the date of enactment of such Act [enacted: Aug. 5, 1997].
Amendment by Section 701(b)(2) of Pub. L. 105-34 effective on the date of the enactment of such Act [enacted: Aug. 5, 1997].
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by section 1807(c)(5) of Pub. L. 104-188 applicable to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1996.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1993 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by section 13114(b) of Pub. L. 103-66 applicable to sales on and after August 10, 1993, in tax years ending on and after such date.
Amendments by section 13261(f)(3) of Pub. L. 103-66 generally applicable to property acquired after August 10, 1993. Sec. 13261(g)(2)-(3) of Pub. L. 103-66 provided that:
“(2) Election to have amendments apply to property acquired after July 25, 1991.--
“(A) In general.--If an election under this paragraph applies to the taxpayer--
“(i) the amendments made by this section shall apply to property acquired by the taxpayer after July 25, 1991,
“(ii) subsection (c)(1)(A) of section 197 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by this section) (and so much of subsection (f)(9)(A) of such section 197 as precedes clause (i) thereof) shall be applied with respect to the taxpayer by treating July 25, 1991, as the date of the enactment of such section, and
“(iii) in applying subsection (f)(9) of such section, with respect to any property acquired by the taxpayer on or before the date of the enactment of this Act, only holding or use on July 25, 1991, shall be taken into account.
“(B) Election.--An election under this paragraph shall be made at such time and in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate may prescribe. Such an election by any taxpayer, once made--
“(i) may be revoked only with the consent of the Secretary, and
“(ii) shall apply to the taxpayer making such election and any other taxpayer under common control with the taxpayer (within the meaning of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 41(f)(1) of such Code) at any time after August 2, 1993, and on or before the date on which such election is made.
“(3) Elective binding contract exception.--
“(A) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall not apply to any acquisition of property by the taxpayer if--
“(i) such acquisition is pursuant to a written binding contract in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and at all times thereafter before such acquisition,
“(ii) an election under paragraph (2) does not apply to the taxpayer, and
“(iii) the taxpayer makes an election under this paragraph with respect to such contract.
“(B) Election.--An election under this paragraph shall be made at such time and in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate shall prescribe. Such an election, once made--
“(i) may be revoked only with the consent of the Secretary, and
“(ii) shall apply to all property acquired pursuant to the contract with respect to which such election was made.”
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1992 AMENDMENTS
Amendments by section 1913 of Pub. L. 102-486 applicable for property placed in service after June 30, 1993.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by section 11812(b)(10) of Pub. L. 101-508 applicable to property placed in service after Nov. 5, 1990, but not applicable to any property to which section 168 of this title does not apply by reason of subsec. (f)(5) of section 168, and not applicable to rehabilitation expenditures described in section 252(f)(5) of Pub. L. 99-514, see section 11812(c) of Pub. L. 101-508, set out as a note under section 42 of this title.
Amendment by section 11813(b) (19) of Pub. L. 101-508 applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 1990, but not applicable to any transition property (as defined in section 49(e) of this title), any property with respect to which qualified progress expenditures were previously taken into account under section 46(d) of this title, and any property described in section 46(b)(2)(C) of this title, as such sections were in effect on Nov. 4, 1990, see section 11813(c) of Pub. L. 101-508, set out as a note under section 29 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1989 AMENDMENTS
Section 502(c) of Pub. L. 101-194 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this section (enacting section 1043 of this title and amending this section and section 1223 of this title) shall apply to sales after the date of the enactment of this Act (Nov. 30, 1989).’
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1988 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by section 1006(j)(1)(B) of Pub. L. 100-647 applicable in the case of obligations acquired after Dec. 31, 1987, with exception allowing taxpayer to elect to have amendment apply to obligations acquired after Oct. 22, 1986, see section 1006(j)(1)(C) of Pub. L. 100-647, set out as a note under section 171 of this title.
Amendment by section 1018(u)(22) of Pub. L. 100-647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99-514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100-647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1986 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by section 241(b)(2) of Pub. L. 99-514 applicable to expenditures paid or incurred after Dec. 31, 1986, except as otherwise provided, see section 241(c) of Pub. L. 99-514, set out as an Effective Date of Repeal note under former section 177 of this title.
Amendment by section 701(e)(4)(D) of Pub. L. 99-514 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, with certain exceptions and qualifications, see section 701(f) of Pub. L. 99-514, set out as an Effective Date note under section 55 of this title.
Amendment by section 1303(b)(3) of Pub. L. 99-514 effective Oct. 22, 1986, see section 1311(f) of Pub. L. 99-514, as amended, set out as an Effective Date; Transitional Rules note under section 141 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by section 43(a)(2) of Pub. L. 98-369 applicable to taxable years ending after July 18, 1984, see section 44 of Pub. L. 98-369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1271 of this title.
Amendment by section 53(d)(3) of Pub. L. 98-369 applicable to distribution after Mar. 1, 1984, in taxable years ending after such date, see section 53(e)(1) of Pub. L. 98-369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1059 of this title.
Amendment by section 211(b)(14) of Pub. L. 98-369 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1983, see section 215 of Pub. L. 98-369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 801 of this title.
Amendment by section 474(r)(23) of Pub. L. 98-369 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1983, and to carrybacks from such years, see section 475(a) of Pub. L. 98-369, set out as a note under section 21 of this title.
Amendment by section 541(b)(2) of Pub. L. 98-369 applicable to sales of securities in taxable years beginning after July 18, 1984, see section 541(c) of Pub. L. 98-369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1042 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1982 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by Pub. L. 97-354 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1982, see section 6(a) of Pub. L. 97-354, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1361 of this title.
Amendment by section 201(c)(2) of Pub. L. 97-248 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1982, see section 201(e)(1) of Pub. L. 97-248, set out as a note under section 5 of this title.
Amendment by section 205(a)(5)(B) of Pub. L. 97-248 applicable to periods after Dec. 31, 1982, under rules similar to the rules of section 48 (m) of this title, with certain qualifications, see section 205(c)(1) of Pub. L. 97-248, set out as an Effective Date note under section 196 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENTS
Amendment by section 212(d)(2)(G) of Pub. L. 97-34 applicable to expenditures incurred after Dec. 31, 1981, in taxable years ending after that date, see section 212(e) of Pub. L. 97-34, set out as a note under section 46 of this title.
Amendment by section 421(g) of Pub. L. 97-34 applicable with respect to the estates of decedents dying after Dec. 31, 1981, see section 421(k) of Pub. L. 97-34, set out as a note under section 2032A of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENTS AND REVIVAL OF PRIOR LAW
Amendment by section 401(a) of Pub. L. 96-223 (repealing section 2005(a)(3) of Pub. L. 94-455 and section 702(r)(3) of Pub. L. 96-500 and the amendments made thereby, which had amended this section) applicable in respect of decedents dying after Dec. 31, 1976, and except for certain elections, this title to be applied as if those repealed provisions had not been enacted, see section 401(b), (e) of Pub. L. 96-223, set out as a note under section 1023 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 96-222 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if it had been included in the provisions of the Revenue Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95-600, to which such amendment relates, see section 201 of Pub. L. 96-222, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under section 32 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENTS
Section 101(c) of Pub. L. 95-618 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this section (enacting section 23 of this title and amending this section and sections 56 and 6096 of this title) shall apply to taxable years ending on or after April 20, 1977.’
Amendment by section 201(b) of Pub. L. 95-618 applicable with respect to 1980 and later model year automobiles, see section 201(g) of Pub. L. 95-618, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4064 of this title.
Amendment by section 601(b)(3) of Pub. L. 95-600 effective with respect to corporations chartered after Dec. 31, 1978, and before Jan. 1, 1984, see section 601(d) of Pub. L. 95-600, set out as a note under section 172 of this title.
Amendment by section 702(r)(3) of Pub. L. 95-600 applicable to estates of decedents dying after Dec. 31, 1976, see section 702(r)(5) of Pub. L. 95-600, set out as a note under section 2051 of this title.
Section 4(d) of Pub. L. 95-472 provided that: ‘The amendments made by this section (amending this section and section 2032A of this title) shall apply to involuntary conversions after December 31, 1976.’
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1976 AMENDMENT
Amendment by section 1901(a)(123), (b)(1)(F)(ii), (21)(G), (29)(A) of Pub. L. 94-455 applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1976, see section 1901(d) of Pub. L. 94-455, set out as a note under section 2 of this title.
Section 1901(b)(30)(B) of Pub. L. 94-455 provided that: ‘The amendment made by subparagraph (A)(i) (amending this section) shall apply with respect to stock or securities acquired from a decedent dying after the date of the enactment of this Act (Oct. 4, 1976).’
Amendment by section 2005(a)(3) of Pub. L. 94-455 applicable in respect of decedents dying after Dec. 31, 1976, see section 2005(f) of Pub. L. 94-455 set out as an Effective Date note under section 1015 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1969 AMENDMENT
Amendment by section 231(c)(3) of Pub. L. 91-172 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1969, see section 231(d) of Pub. L. 91-172, set out as a note under section 217 of this title.
Amendment by section 504(c)(4) of Pub. L. 91-172 applicable with respect to exploration expenditures paid or incurred after Dec. 31, 1969, see section 504(d)(1) of Pub. L. 91-172, set out as a note under section 243 of this title.
Amendment by section 516(c)(2)(B) of Pub. L. 91-172 applicable to transfers after Dec. 31, 1969, see section 516(d)(3) of Pub. L. 91-172, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1001 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1964 AMENDMENT
Amendment by section 203(a)(3)(C) of Pub. L. 88-272 applicable in case of property placed in service after Dec. 31, 1963, with respect to taxable years ending after such date, and in case of property placed in service before Jan. 1, 1964, with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1963, see section 203(a)(4) of Pub. L. 88-272, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.
Amendment by section 225(j)(2) of Pub. L. 88-272 applicable in respect of decedents dying after Dec. 31, 1963, see section 225(l) of Pub. L. 88-272, set out as a note under section 316 of this title.
Amendment by section 227(b)(5) of Pub. L. 88-272 applicable with respect to amounts received or accrued in taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1963, attributable to iron ore mined in such years, see section 227(c) of Pub. L. 88-272, set out as a note under section 272 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1962 AMENDMENT
Amendment by section 2(f) of Pub. L. 87-834 applicable with respect to taxable years ending after Dec. 31, 1961, see section 2(h) of Pub. L. 87-834, set out as an Effective Date note under section 46 of this title.
Amendment by section 8(g)(2) of Pub. L. 87-834 applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1962, see section 8(h) of Pub. L. 87-834, set out as a note under section 501 of this title.
Amendment by section 12(b)(1) of Pub. L. 87-834 applicable with respect to taxable years of foreign corporations beginning after Dec. 31, 1962, and to taxable years of United States shareholders within which or with which such taxable years of such foreign corporations end, see section 12(c) of Pub. L. 87-834, set out as an Effective Date note under section 951 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1959 AMENDMENT
Amendment by Pub. L. 86-69 applicable only with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1957, see section 4 of Pub. L. 86-69, set out as a note under section 381 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1958 AMENDMENT
Amendment by section 2(b) of Pub. L. 85-866 applicable with respect to taxable years ending after December 31, 1957, but only with respect to obligations acquired after such date, see section 2(c) of Pub. L. 85-866, set out as a note under section 75 of this title.
Amendment by section 64(d)(2) of Pub. L. 85-866 applicable only with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1957, see section 64(e) of Pub. L. 85-866, set out as a note under section 172 of this title.
REPEALS
Section 2005(a)(3) of Pub. L. 94-455 and section 702(r)(3) of Pub. L. 95-600, cited as credits to this section, and the amendments made by those sections, were repealed by Pub. L. 96-223, title IV, Sec. 401(a), 94 Stat. 299, resulting in the text of this section reading as it read prior to enactment of sections 2005(a)(3) and 702(r)(3). See Effective Date of 1980 Amendments and Revival of Prior Law note above.
SAVINGS PROVISION
For provisions that nothing in amendment by Pub. L. 101-508 be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Nov. 5, 1990, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 11821(b) of Pub. L. 101-508, set out as a note under section 29 of this title.
APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN AMENDMENTS BY PUB. L. 99-514 IN RELATION TO TREATY OBLIGATIONS OF UNITED STATES
For applicability of amendment by section 701(e)(4)(D) of Pub. L. 99-514 notwithstanding any treaty obligation of the United States in effect on Oct. 22, 1986, with provision that for such purposes any amendment by title I of Pub. L. 100-647 be treated as if it had been included in the provision of Pub. L. 99-514 to which such amendment relates, see section 1012(aa)(2),(4) of Pub. L. 100-647, set out as a note under section 861 of this title.
PLAN AMENDMENTS NOT REQUIRED UNTIL JANUARY 1, 1989
For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI (Sec. 1101-1147 and 1171-1177) or title XVIII (Sec. 1800-1899A) of Pub. L. 99-514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99-514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
CHANGE FROM RETIREMENT TO STRAIGHT LINE METHOD OF COMPUTING DEPRECIATION IN CERTAIN CASES
Section 94 of Pub. L. 85-866, as amended by Pub. L. 99-514, Sec. 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
‘(a) Short Title. - This section may be cited as the ‘Retirement-Straight Line Adjustment Act of 1958’.
‘(b) Making of Election. - Any taxpayer who held retirement-straight line property on his 1956 adjustment date may elect to have this section apply. Such an election shall be made at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe.
Any election under this section shall be irrevocable and shall apply to all retirement-straight line property as hereinafter provided in this section (including such property for periods when held by predecessors of the taxpayer).
‘(c) Retirement-Straight Line Property Defined. - For purposes of this section, the term ‘retirement-straight line property’ means any property of a kind or class with respect to which the taxpayer or a predecessor (under the terms and conditions prescribed for him by the Commissioner) for any taxable year beginning after December 31, 1940, and before January 1, 1956, changed from the retirement to the straight line method of computing the allowance of deductions for depreciation.
‘(d) Basis Adjustments as of 1956 Adjustment Date. - If the taxpayer has made an election under this section, then in determining the adjusted basis on his 1956 adjustment date of all retirement-straight line property held by the taxpayer, in lieu of the adjustments for depreciation provided in section 1016(a)(2) and (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (formerly I.R.C. 1954), the following adjustments shall be made (effective as of his 1956 adjustment date) in respect of all periods before the 1956 adjustment date:
‘(1) Depreciation sustained before march 1, 1913. - For depreciation sustained before March 1, 1913, on retirement-straight line property held by the taxpayer or a predecessor on such date for which cost was or is claimed as basis and which either -
‘(A) Retired before changeover. - Was retired by the taxpayer or a predecessor before the changeover date, but only if
(i) a deduction was allowed in computing net income by reason of such retirement, and
(ii) such deduction was computed on the basis of cost without adjustment for depreciation sustained before March 1, 1913. In the case of any such property retired during any taxable year beginning after December 31, 1929, the adjustment under this subparagraph shall not exceed that portion of the amount attributable to depreciation sustained before March 1, 1913, which resulted (by reason of the deduction so allowed) in a reduction in taxes under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or prior income, war-profits, or excess-profits tax laws.
‘(B) Held on changeover date. - Was held by the taxpayer or a predecessor on the changeover date. This subparagraph shall not apply to property to which paragraph (2) applies.
The adjustment determined under this paragraph shall be allocated (in the manner prescribed by the Secretary) among all retirement-straight line property held by the taxpayer on his 1956 adjustment date.
‘ (2) Property disposed of after changeover and before 1956 adjustment date. - For that portion of the reserve prescribed by the Commissioner in connection with the changeover which was applicable to property -
‘ (A) sold, or
‘ (B) with respect to which a deduction was allowed for Federal income tax purposes by reason of casualty or ‘abnormal’ retirement in the nature of special obsolescence, if such sale occurred in, or such deduction was allowed for, a period on or after the changeover date and before the taxpayer's 1956 adjustment date.
‘ (3) Depreciation allowable from changeover to 1956 adjustment date. - For depreciation allowable, under the terms and conditions prescribed by the Commissioner in connection with the changeover, for all periods on and after the changeover date and before the taxpayer's 1956 adjustment date.
This subsection shall apply only with respect to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1955.
‘ (e) Effect on Period From Changeover to 1956 Adjustment Date. - If the taxpayer has made an election under this section, then in determining the adjusted basis of any retirement-straight line property as of any time on or after the changeover date and before the taxpayer's 1956 adjustment date, in lieu of the adjustments for depreciation provided in section 1016(a)(2) and (3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and the corresponding provisions of prior revenue laws, the following adjustments shall be made:
‘ (1) For prescribed reserve. - For the amount of the reserve prescribed by the Commissioner in connection with the changeover.
‘ (2) For allowable depreciation. - For the depreciation allowable under the terms and conditions prescribed by the Commissioner in connection with the changeover.
This subsection shall not apply in determining adjusted basis for purposes of section 437(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939.
This subsection shall apply only with respect to taxable years beginning on or after the changeover date and before the taxpayer's 1956 adjustment date.
‘ (f) Equity Invested Capital, etc. - If an election is made under this section, then (not withstanding the terms and conditions prescribed by the Commissioner in connection with the changeover) -
‘ (1) Equity invested capital. - In determining equity invested capital under sections 458 and 718 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939, accumulated earnings and profits as of the changeover date, and as of the beginning of each taxable year thereafter, shall be reduced by the depreciation sustained before March 1, 1913, as computed under subsection (d)(1)(B); and
‘ (2) Definition of equity capital. - In determining the adjusted basis of assets for the purpose of section 437(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 (and in addition to any other adjustments required by such Code), the basis shall be reduced by depreciation sustained before March 1, 1913 (as computed under subsection (d)), together with any depreciation allowable under subsection (e)(2) for any period before the year for which the excess profits credit is being computed.
‘ (g) Definitions. - For purposes of this section -
‘ (1) Depreciation. - The term ‘depreciation’ means exhaustion, wear and tear, and obsolescence.
‘ (2) Changeover. - The term ‘changeover’ means a change from the retirement to the straight line method of computing the allowance of deductions for depreciation.
‘ (3) Changeover date. - The term ‘changeover date’ means the first day of the first taxable year for which the changeover was effective.
‘ (4) 1956 adjustment date. - The term ‘1956 adjustment date’ means, in the case of any taxpayer, the first day of his first taxable year beginning after December 31, 1955.
‘ (5) Predecessor. - The term ‘predecessor’ means any person from whom property of a kind or class to which this section refers was acquired, if the basis of such property is determined by reference to its basis in the hands of such person. Where a series of transfers of property has occurred and where in each instance the basis of the property was determined by reference to its basis in the hands of the prior holder, the term includes each such prior holder.
‘ (6) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.
‘ (7) The term ‘Commissioner’ means the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.'